Hypotension (low blood pressure) is a health condition of abnormally low blood pressure. It occurs when the blood pressure (the normal way blood presses, pushes, or travels throughout the blood pressure, an adnormally severe case can be life threatening.

There are three types of hypotension one, orthostatic hypotension. This is a sudden drop in blood pressure that occurs when a person makes a transition from a sitting to lying down posture and it is common among the aged. Two, postprandial hypotension. This is the sudden drop of blood pressure which occurs after eating. The third type is neurally mediated hypotension. This low blood pressure occurs when you stand for a long time.
    Other factors that cause low blood pressure are dehydration (lack of insufficient water in the body); medical conditions like heart problems, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels), thyroid disorders, pregnancy within the first month, medication (such as high blood pressure medications), low or high blood temperature, diabetes; stress; nutritional deficiency; and acute cases of shock. Shock occurs when blood pressure drops so low to the point of extremely impairing blood circulation into vital organs of the body such as the brain and kidney. This is dangerous because it can cause the loss of blood in the body through external or internal bleeding. This, of course, can lead to unconsciousness or death.

    The symptoms of hypotension include fatigue, dizziness, light headedness, loss of consciousness, nausea, blurry vision, clammy skin, depression, lack of concentration, fainting (syncope),dehydration and unusual thirst, cold, pale skin, rapid or shallow breathing, palpitations, and some others.

    The treatment for low blood pressure depends on the underlying cause. So, if you noticed any of the symptoms listed above, see your doctor for a diagnosis of the underlying cause. When diagnosed, you will have to be placed on routines to raise your blood pressure. Your doctor may require you to eat small meals frequently, avoid heavy lifting, drink plenty of water, eat balanced diets, get regular exercise, treat infections, get your thyroid checked, avoid standing for a long time, check your blood sugar, and many others. If the routines do not increase your blood pressure, you may need to see your doctor again for same medication.

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